IAI Heron UAV

IAI Heron UAV

IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by the Malat (UAV) division of Israel Aerospace Industries. It is capable of Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) operations of up to 52 hours’ duration at up to 35,000 feet.

Role : Unmanned aerial vehicle
National origin : Israel
Manufacturer : Israel Aerospace Industries
Primary users : Israeli Defence Force, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, Brazilian Federal Police, Turkish Air Force
Variants : EADS Harfang, IAI Eitan

Heron navigates using an internal GPS receiver, and either a pre-programmed flight profile manual override from a ground control station, or a combination of both. It can autonomously return to base and land in case of lost communication with the ground station. The system has fully automatic launch and recovery (ALR) and all-weather capabilities.

Heron can carry an array of sensors, including infra-red and visible-light surveillance, intelligence systems (COMINT and ELINT) and various radar systems, totaling up to 250 kg (550 lb). Heron is also capable of target acquisition and artillery adjustment.
IAI Heron Operators

 Australia
  • Royal Australian Air Force – 3
 Brazil
  • Brazilian Federal Police- 15
 Canada
  • Canadian Forces – 3 on a lease contract for three years between 2008–2011
 Ecuador
  • Ecuadorian Navy – 2
 Germany
  • Luftwaffe – 3 plus 2 ground stations on an initial one-year lease starting in 2010
 India
  • Indian Air Force – 50
  • Indian Navy
 Israel
  • Israeli Defence Force – 1+
 Singapore[citation needed]
  • Republic of Singapore Air Force – Unknown
 Turkey
  • Turkish Air Force – 10
 United States
  • United States Navy – 2
 Mexico
  • Federal Police (Mexico) – 3

IAI Heron Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: None
  • Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.60 m (54 ft 5 in)
  • Height: (?)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Rotax 914, 86 kW (115 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 207 km/h (113 knots, 130 mph)
  • Range: 350 km (189 nm, 217 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,800 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 150 m/min (492 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 200 kg/m² (40.9 lb/ft²)
  • Endurance: 40+ hours
  • Payload: 250 kg (550 lb)
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