Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 is a Soviet Union supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 also called “balalaika”.

Role : Fighter
Manufacturer : Mikoyan-Gurevich OKB
Designed by : Artem Mikoyan
First flight : 14 February 1955 (Ye-2)
Introduced : 1959 (MiG-21F)
Retired : 1990s (Russia)
Status : In active service (see list)
Primary users : Soviet Air Force, Polish Air Force, Indian Air Force, Romanian Air Force
Produced : 1959 (MiG-21F) to 1985 (MiG-21bis)
Number built : 11,496
Variants : Chengdu J-7

The MiG-21 jet fighter was a continuation of Soviet jet fighters, starting with the subsonic MiG-15 and MiG-17, and the supersonic MiG-19. A number of experimental Mach 2 Soviet designs were based on nose intakes with either swept-back wings, such as the Sukhoi Su-7, or tailed deltas, of which the MiG-21 would be the most successful.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 15.76 (with pitot tube) m (51 ft 8.47 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.154 m (23 ft 5.66 in)
  • Height: 4.1 m (13 ft 5.41 in)
  • Wing area: 23.0 m² (247.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 4,871 kg (10,738 lb)
  • Gross weight: 7,100 kg (15,650 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Tumansky R11F-300, 37.27 kN (8,380 lbf) thrust dry, 56.27 kN (12,650 lbf) with afterburner each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 2,125 km/h (1,385 mph)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.05
  • Range: 1,580 km (981 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 19,000 m (62,335 ft)

Armament

  • 1x internal 30 mm NR-30 cannon, plus
  • 2x K-13 or K-13A (R-3S) AAM or
  • 2x 500 kg (1,102 lbs) of bombs
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