Panavia Tornado Multirole fighter

Panavia Tornado Multirole fighter

Panavia Tornado is a twin-engine, variable-sweep wing combat aircraft developed by the United Kingdom, West Germany and Italy. There are three primary versions of the Tornado; the Tornado IDS (interdictor/strike), Tornado ECR (electronic combat/reconnaissance) and the Tornado ADV (air defence variant) interceptor.

Role : Multirole fighter
Manufacturer : Panavia Aircraft GmbH
First flight : 14 August 1974
Introduced : 1979
Status : Operational
Primary users : Royal Air Force, Luftwaffe, Italian Air Force, Royal Saudi Air Force
Produced : 1979–1998
Number built : 992
Variants : Panavia Tornado ADV

Panavia Tornado Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 16.72 m (54 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.91 m at 25° wing sweep, 8.60 m at 67° wing sweep (45.6 ft / 28.2 ft)
  • Height: 5.95 m (19.5 ft)
  • Wing area: 26.6 m² (286 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 13,890 kg (31,620 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 28,000 kg (61,700 lb)
  • Powerplant:2 × Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk 103 afterburning turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 43.8 kN (9,850 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 76.8 kN (17,270 lbf) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 800 knots (1,482 km/h, 921 mph) indicated airspeed
  • Range: 1,390 km (870 mi) typical combat
  • Ferry range: 3,890 km (2,417 mi) with four external drop tanks
  • Service ceiling: 15,240 m (50,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 76.7 m/s (15,100 ft/min)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.55

Armament

  • Guns: 2× 27 mm (1.063 in) Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon internally mounted under both side of fuselage, each with 180 rounds (Panavia Tornado ADV has 1× BK-27)
  • Hardpoints: 4× light duty + 3× heavy duty under-fuselage and 4× swivelling under-wing pylon stations holding up to 9000 kg (19,800 lb) of payload, the two inner wing pylons have shoulder launch rails for 2× Short-Range AAM (SRAAM) each
  • Missiles:
    • Air-to-air missiles:
      • AIM-9 Sidewinder or IRIS-T or AIM-132 ASRAAM for self-defence
    • Air-to-surface missiles:
      • 6× AGM-65 Maverick; or
      • 12× Brimstone missile (12 being the maximum operational limit carried by RAF’s Tornado GR4); or
      • 4× Storm Shadow or Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile
    • Anti-ship missiles:
      • 2× AS.34 Kormoran; or
      • 2× BAe Sea Eagle; or
    • Anti-radiation missiles:
      • 4× AGM-88 HARM; or
      • 9× ALARM missile
  • Bombs:
    • Hunting Engineering BL755 cluster bombs; or
    • HOPE/HOSBO GPS/electro-optically guided glide bombs; or
    • Joint Direct Attack Munition; or
    • Paveway series of Laser-guided bomb (LGB); or
    • Up to 2× JP233 or MW-1 munitions dispensers (for runway cratering operations)
    • Up to 4× B61 or WE.177 tactical nuclear weapons
  • Others:
    • Up to 4× drop tanks for ferry flight/extended range/loitering time

Avionics

  • RAPTOR aerial reconnaissance pod
  • RAFAEL LITENING targeting pod; or
  • TIALD laser designator pod
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